Have economic and social effects on local communities changed?

Landings and Revenues by State and Port Group: Gross revenues were higher in the first year of the Shorebased IFQ Program (2011) than in any year during the baseline period (2002-2010). Most of the communities with higher revenues were located in Oregon and Washington, with those communities most involved in Pacific whiting and sablefish fisheries experiencing the most increase under the catch share program.

Vessel Activity by State and Port Group: The total number of limited entry trawl vessels landing groundfish across California, Washington, and Oregon declined over the eight-year time period (2000-2007) for which data were available. A sharp decline occurred in California, while in Oregon and Washington the number fluctuated from year to year. At the community level, some Oregon ports maintained a high level of activity, but by 2007 most ports had fewer than 10 vessels landing groundfish. Data are not yet available for years under the Shorebased IFQ Program.

Crew Employment and Compensation: In 2000-2001 (the only year for which data are available), employment in the limited entry trawl fishery was higher in the northern ports along the West Coast than in the southern ports, where other types of groundfish fishery employment were more prevalent. Earnings were relatively consistent across all ports at that time. No data are available yet for employment and earnings during the Shorebased IFQ Program.

Fishing Vessel and Crew Safety: The number of fishing-related fatalities in the West Coast limited entry groundfish trawl fishery fluctuated prior to the Shorebased IFQ Program. Quantitative data obtained from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health did not cover the time since implementation of the catch share program. However, anecdotal information suggests that safety among fishing operations has improved.

Fishing Support Service Employment: No data are available for years during the Shorebased IFQ Program, so it is unknown at this time what the effects on fishing support service businesses may be along the West Coast. Data from NOAA on the ocean economy provide a rough indication of how employment within key sectors changed from 2005 to 2010. The data are not detailed enough to show specifically how the shift to catch shares may be affecting particular businesses.

Seafood Processor Employment: No data are available for years during the Shorebased IFQ Program, so it is unknown at this time what the effects on seafood processors may be along the West Coast. Qualitative data from the State of California suggest that changes in species mix during the catch share program has affected the amount and intensity of seafood processing labor needed in recent years for at least some communities.

Updated: February 2, 2015