Have economic and social effects on local communities changed?
Landings and Revenues by State and Port Group: In the three years immediately prior to the Northeast Multispecies Sector Program, total gross groundfish revenues (adjusted to 2013 constant dollars) decreased; the decline continued into the first year of the Sector Program (2010) before rebounding in 2011 and then dropping sharply in 2012 and 2013. Total gross revenues for the Northeast Multispecies Sector Program fell 40 percent from 2007 to 2013. All states experienced declines from 2009 to 2013. These recent declines are part of a larger declining trend in gross revenues seen in the data stretching back to the early 1980s.
Vessel Activity by State and Port Group: From 2007 through 2009, the number of active vessels decreased across all states and for each individual state. This trend continued after the Northeast Multispecies Sector Program began in 2010. Likewise, individual home ports have had long-term declines in the number of active vessels since 2007.
Crew Employment and Compensation: The total numbers of groundfish vessel crew positions and crew trips, by fishing year, for all home port states have decreased through the baseline period and into the initial years of the catch share program. States with the highest involvement in the fishery (Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Maine) experienced an overall decrease in crew trips, and the number of crew positions per vessel remained relatively constant. Average crew compensation in the groundfish fishery increased from 2009 to 2011 because of higher revenues in 2011 compared to other years, and then it declined in 2012 and 2013 as the number of active vessels decreased. Total crew compensation was highest in 2011, with the most total earnings going to crew on vessels 75 feet and above.
Fishing Vessel and Crew Safety: In the 10 years before the catch share program, the Northeast multispecies groundfish trawl fishery had an average of 3.4 fatalities annually. The number per year ranged between zero and 8. A total of only 3 fatalities occurred in the first 3 years of the Sector Program (2010-2012) and then 5 fatalities occurred in 2013 for an average of 2 per year.
Fishing Support Service Employment: Data from the U.S. Census reveal that more than half of the fishery support service businesses in the Northeast are located in New York or New Jersey. Other states in the Northeast also have substantial employment in fishing support-related sectors such as boat sales, marinas, ship building and repair, and transportation equipment and supplies.
Seafood Processor Employment: The number of seafood processors and markets has decreased in the Northeast, on the whole, since 2003. It is unknown what specific impacts the Northeast Multispecies Sector Program has had on seafood processing and marketing in the region. The numbers of seafood processors and wholesale merchants have declined since 2009 while the number of seafood markets have increased from 2009 to 2013.
Updated: August 2015
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